You and other consumers and companies manufacture, make use of and discard countless tons of metal each year, which is used in everything from beverage cans to cars & trucks. Approximately 160 million pounds of scrap metal was recycled in 2014, which comprises 40 percent of the world’s metal used for manufacturing.
Recycling Metal is something that we all should do to help our environment. Nearly anything can be recycled, for example bottles, newspaper and copper products. The Saskatchewan Government estimates that non ferrous metals represented 42 % of all material waste picked up for recycling in 2015, making it the larges segment of recycled products after newspaper. The process for recycling steel involves a number of important steps, and understanding the procedure may motivate families to increase their recycling efforts.
The initial step in the metal-recycling process is the collection of products to be recycled. Steel, cans and other non-ferrous metals can be kept and sorted at your business. Contact your local recycling center to see if on-site collection is available or whether you have to drop off recyclables yourself. For bigger products, such as old stoves, washers, dryers, or scrap cars, call your regional metal recycling center to arrange arrangements for them to be picked up.
Once the materials reach the recycling center, they are then sorted according to the kind of steel they’re made from. If you’re dropping off your recyclables, you usually have to separate steel, aluminum, copper wire, etc.. Metals will first be passed under a huge magnet that will separate all the steel materials. Aluminum recyclables may be checked for overall quality, while copper materials are mechanically inspected and graded.
Processing scrap metals and steel:
When the different metals have been sorted, they are then be processed by a device which cuts and shreds them into small cubes. Shredded products are sorted into ferrous and non-ferrous materials and tested for radioactivity.Once the various materials have been sorted, they are compressed into bales, which make it much easier for them to be transferred to smelting factories. When the compressed metal cubes reach the smelting centers, the cubes are fed into a furnace where they are warmed till they end up being molten metal. The molten metal is then formed into metal ingots, which can weigh approximately 20 tons.
Once the steel ingots have cooled and hardened, they are put into a machine that rolls them into flat sheets, which form the basis for brand-new metal materials. Re-used metals can be used to manufacture brand-new aluminum, tin cans, home appliances, vehicles, building products, metal piping or tubing, tin foil, planes and boats.